• Session 1: Nephrology

    Nephrology is the study of normal kidney function and disease, the preservation of kidney health, and kidney disease treatment, from diet and medication to renal replacement therapy (dialysis and kidney transplantation). Nephrology studies about the conditions that affect the kidneys, such as diabetes and autoimmune disease and systemic diseases that occur as a result of kidney disease, such as renal osteodystrophy and hypertension. A physician who has additional training and become certified in nephrology is called a nephrologist.

  • Session 2: Renal Care

    Our commitment to transforming renal care is focused on working with you to help achieve better outcomes for your patients as they sequence through their therapy journey; supporting the highest standards and access to care. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is an urgent and growing global challenge.

  • Session 3: Acute Kidney Injury

    Acute Kidney Injury (AKI) is the sudden failure of kidney or damage of kidney that happens in few days or weeks. AKI causes a build-up of waste products in your blood and makes it hard for kidneys to keep the right balance of fluid in body. Most cases of AKI are caused by reduced blood flow to the kidneys, usually in the person who is already unwell with another health condition. The most common cause in AKI is dehydration and sepsis combined with nephrotoxic drugs, especially following surgery or contrast agents. The cause of AKI are commonly categorized into pre renal injury, intrinsic, and post renal injury. Many advances have been made in Phenotyping for AKI.

  • Session 4: Chronic Kidney Disease

    A person with chronic kidney disorder loses the kidney function gradually and also have cardiovascular failure and premature death. It is most commonly caused by diabetes and high blood pressure. There are four different stages in Chronic Kidney Disorders. Patient with Chronic Kidney Disease have failure. People at high risk of developing kidney disease must have to check their kidneys function regularly. Early detection of CKD can significantly help prevent serious kidney damage. A person at Last stage of Kidney Disorder must undergo Dialysis or Kidney transplant to survive. In a recent study, it is proved that women with CKD will have menopause before age 45.

  • Session 5: Paediatrics Nephrology

    Paediatrics Nephrology is dedicated to care of children with renal diseases like urinary tract infection, bowel bladder dysfunction, nephrotic syndrome, chronic pyelonephritis, acute and chronic renal failure, congenital renal anomalies, and tubular disorders, systemic severe and progressive renal disorders. Most of the pediatric kidney diseases are congenital, some of them familiar with a precise heredity. Dialysis remains a life event for most of the children on last-stage of renal disease despite the growing place of pre-emptive kidney transplantation. 

  • Session 6: Renal cancer

    Renal cancer, that starts in the cells in the kidney. Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and Transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) (also known as urothelial cell carcinoma) of the renal pelvis are two most common type of Renal Cancer. The different types of kidney cancer (such as RCC and TCC) develop in different ways, meaning that the diseases have different long term outcomes, and need to be staged and treated in different ways. RCC is responsible for approximately 80% of primary renal cancers, and TCC accounts for the majority of the remainder.

  • Session 7: Kidney Inflammation

    Inflammation of the kidney is known as Pyelonephritis is that results from a urinary tract infection that reaches the renal pelvis of the kidney. Lupus nephritis inflammation that causes for nephritis include infections, autoimmune disorders and toxins in the body.

  • Session 8: Renal Nutrition and Metabolism

    Renal Nutrition and Metabolism is a learned society on nephrology that has the objective of advancing knowledge, education and awareness pertaining to nutrition and metabolism in kidney disease. The International Society of Renal Nutrition and Metabolism (ISRNM) states that it promotes expert patient care, advances medical research, and educates the kidney community on the role of nutrition in chronic kidney disease and acute kidney injury including the role of nutritional status, uremic malnutrition, protein-energy wasting, and dietary derangement. The site also mentions a role in informing policymakers about issues of relevant to kidney and nutrition communities and the patients.

  • Session 9: Urinary tract infection

    An infection that affects part of the urinary tract is known as Urinary tract infection (UTI). Bladder infection (cystitis) is the Infection at lower urinary tract and when it affects the upper urinary tract it is known as kidney infection (pyelonephritis). Symptoms for Bladder infection (cystitis) include pain with urination, frequent urination, and feeling the need to urinate despite having an empty bladder.  Symptoms for kidney infection include fever and flank pain usually in addition to the symptoms of a lower UTI.

  • Session 10: Naturopathy for Kidney Disease

    Naturopathy for Kidney Disease is a growing awareness among the people about health and fitness. Most of the specialists believes that many diseases to which people affected is due to bad habits and environmental pollution.  Therefore, natural way of treating disease is more acceptable around globe.  Infrared therapy is one of the most eminent methods to keep kidneys warm and it can be done through bio mat while sleeping. It will keep kidneys warm all the night. Herbal medicines such as Juniper Berry, Uva Ursi leaf are powerful cleanser of kidney and bladder.

  • Session 11: Nephrology Nursing

    The role of Nephrology nurses is to care for patients of all ages who are experiencing, or are at risk for, kidney disease. Nephrology nursing grew in scope, practice boundaries broadened, and the number of nephrology nurses climbed steadily. They involves both preventing disease and assessing the health needs of patients and families. Nephrology nurses deals with every organ system in the body, calling for a holistic approach to patient care. Nephrology nursing practice requires a common knowledge base to care for paediatric, adult, and older adult patients with kidney disease.

  • Session 12: Nephrosclerosis

    Nephrosclerosis is a disease of kidney that results to sclerosis the walls of small arteries and arterioles (small arteries that convey blood from arteries to the even smaller capillaries) of the kidney. This condition is caused by high blood pressure and diabetes. Hypertension can be present in a person for about to 20 to 30 years without evidence of kidney involvement; such persons usually die due to congestion of blood in the heart, hardening of the heart tissue, or cerebral (brain) haemorrhage. 

  • Session 13: Kidney transplantation

    When kidneys fails, it is important to replace the work of kidneys can no longer do. When you get a kidney transplant, a healthy kidney is placed inside body to do the work of kidneys can no longer do. There are limitations on what you can eat and drink, but you should follow a healthy diet. Your health and energy should improve. Successful kidney transplantation may allow you to live the kind of life you were living before you got kidney disease. Studies shows the people that kidney transplants live longer than those who remain on dialysis. Deceased donor kidneys and living donor kidneys can be used for transplantation.

  • Session 14: Interventional Nephrology

     A new and emerging specialty of Nephrology that deals with ultrasonography of kidneys and ultrasound of renal biopsy, insertion of peritoneal dialysis catheters, tunnelled dialysis is known as Interventional Nephrology and it is a vascular access for patients undergoing haemodialysis as well as percutaneous endovascular procedures performed to manage dysfunction of arteriovenous fistulas or grafts in end stage renal disease patients.

  • Session 15: Diabetic kidney disease

    Diabetic kidney disease also known as Diabetic nephropathy (DN), is the chronic loss of kidney function occurring in those with diabetes mellitus. Protein loss in the urine due to damage to the glomeruli may become massive, and cause a low serum albumin which results in generalized body swelling (edema) and nephrotic syndrome. 

  • Session 16: Advanced Treatment methods

    Haemodialysis uses machine to move blood through a filter outside your body, removes wastes. Peritoneal dialysis is lining of belly to filter the blood inside body, removing wastes. Kidney transplant is a Surgery to replace a healthy kidney from a donor into the body to filter blood. Conservative management Is a process that manages the symptoms from health care team to preserve the kidney function without dialysis or transplantation when kidney failure.

  • Session 17: Nephrology and Therapeutics

    Nephrology is a class of medicine that deals with the infections of the kidneys and bladders and it concentrate on the diagnosis and treatment of Nephrology maladies. The kidneys are matched retroperitoneal organs that lie at the level of the T12 to L3 vertebral bodies. The kidney has a fibrous capsule, which is encompassed by Para renal fat. The kidney itself can be separated into renal parenchyma, comprising of renal cortex and medulla, and the renal sinus containing renal pelvis, calyces, renal vessels, and nerves, lymphatic and per renal fat. This renal parenchyma has two layers: cortex and medulla. The kidneys serve vital capacities, including filtration and discharge of metabolic waste items (urea and ammonium); control of essential electrolytes, liquid, and corrosive base adjust; and incitement of red platelet generation. The kidneys additionally reabsorb glucose and amino acids and have hormonal capacities through erythropoietin, calcitriol, and vitamin D activation.